Spain An attack on labor and pensions disguised as an European \imposition\
It is starting to appear on the press: the Spanish government hopes that the French-German proposal will translate into budget transfers, but also that the resistance of "the four mean ones" will mean that funds will remain conditioned. A perfect opportunity to present the Sánchez strategy for attacking pensions, the greatest direct attack in more than a decade on workers' working and retirement conditions, as if it were a European imposition.
But in fact, what is being announced is far from being new. The current Minister of Social Security, José Luís Escrivá, has been defending it for years... and that is why he was appointed as a minister. Now what the government is doing is implementing the program of the Airef, the agency that the minister directed and to which the Ministry of Economy has entrusted the analysis of the "stability program" and the corresponding "Spending reviews", that is, the reviews of public expenditure, which will be the basis of the formal proposal of the Spanish government to the EU.
The program of attacks on workers' conditions
José Luís Escrivá receives the Social Security portfolio from the Minister of Labor of the previous government, under the eyes of Yolanda Díaz (Unidas Podemos), the new Minister of Labor.
The government takes up the idea, repeated a thousand times by Escrivá, that "there is a path to deepening the pension reform of 2011, mainly through two components: a delay in the effective retirement age and an extension of the period of the contribution period. Everything is written down and quantified: on the one hand, it would be a matter of increasing the effective retirement age by at least three years, delaying among other things early retirements, and drastically reducing the amount of pensions starting in 2022, by means of a increase in the period used to calculate the pension and also adding a ceiling to the contribution accounted for in recent years. The consequent fall in pensions would increase over time as the first generation that was massively precarized goes into retirement.
The Austrian backpack, already presented by the government for study in Brussels, would appear as the second pillar of the pension reform. Presented as a way of "compensating" for the loss of income of workers, it is in fact a firm step towards the privatization of the system and the break-up of the single social security fund. The direct winners: some banks lacking capitalization that demand alternative business routes and autonomous governments like the Basque one that already manage the "complementary funds" and are asking for a higher quota.
Evolution of salaries in Spain in 2018. The collapse of average salaries reduces the total wage mass received by the workers who are concentrated around the minimum wage, while improving the salaries of the corporate petite-bourgeoisie.
- "A fake repeal of Rajoy's labor reform", 21/5/2020
The Ministers of Social Security, Escrivá, and Economy, Calviño.
With all this underway, Sánchez would succeed in realizing in one full swoop the ultimate goals of a roadmap that the Spanish bourgeoisie has been trying to push forward since the outbreak of the Catalan crisis. Of course this would not fix the state of the political apparatus or territorial tensions, the Spanish expression of the petty bourgeoisie's revolt. But national capital would fulfill its main objectives in confronting the crisis, and in that framework political instability may seem at least "manageable" for capital if it does not go too far beyond the current limits. That is to say, unless there appears a movement of struggles and strikes with potential.